Empirical Research

A bibliography of academic journal articles and books on Korean Adoptees (and other transracial adoptees) in the U.S.


Baden, Amanda L. 2002. “The Psychological Adjustment of Transracial Adoptees: An Application of the Cultural-Racial Identity Model.” Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless 11(2):167-191.

Bergquist, Kathleen Ja Sook, Mary E. Campbell, and Yvonne A. Unrau. 2003. “Caucasian Parents and Korean Adoptees: A Survey of Parents’ Perceptions.” Adoption Quarterly 6(4):41-58.

Bartholet, Elizabeth. 1995. “Race Separatism in the Family: More on the Transracial Adoption Debate.” Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy 2(2): 99–105.

Basow, Susan, Elizabeth Lilley, Jamila Bookwala, and Ann McGillicuddy-DeLisi. 2008. “Identity Development and Psychological Well-being in Korean-Born Adoptees in the U.S.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 78(4): 473–80.

Bergquist, Kathleen Ja Sook, Mary E. Campbell, and Yvonne A. Unrau. 2003. “Caucasian Parents and Korean Adoptees: A Survey of Parents’ Perceptions.” Adoption Quarterly 6(4):41-58.

Bergquist, Kathleen Ja Sook, M. Elizabeth Vonk, Dong Soo Kim, and Marvin D. Feit, eds. 2007. International Korean Adoption: A Fifty-Year History of Policy and Practice. NY, NY: The Haworth Press.

Bimmel, Nicole, Femmie Juffer, Marinus Van Ijzendoorn, and Marian Bakermans-Kranenburg. 2003. “Problem Behavior of Internationally Adopted Adolescents: A Review and Meta-Analysis.” Harvard Review of Psychology 11(2): 64–77.

Brian, Kristi. 2012. Reframing Transracial Adoption: Adopted Koreans, White Parents, and the Politics of Kinship. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Brodzinsky, David. 1987. “Adjustment to Adoption: A Psychosocial Perspective.” Clinical Psychology Review 7(1): 25–47.

Brooks, Devon, and Richard Barth. 1999. “Adult Transracial and Inracial Adoptees: Effects of Race, Gender, Adoptive Family Structure, and Placement History on Adjustment Outcomes.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 69(1): 87–99.

Carp, E. Wayne. 2002. Adoption in America: Historical Perspective. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2013. Impact of Adoption on Adopted Persons. Washington, DC: Author.

Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2004. Impact of Adoption on Adopted Persons. Washington, DC: Author.

Choy, Catherine Ceniza. 2013. Global Families: A History of Asian International Adoption in America. NY, NY: NYU Press.

Dorow, Sara. 2006b. “Racialized Choices: Chinese Adoption and the ‘White Noise’ of Blackness.” Critical Sociology 32(2–3): 357–79.

Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute. 2009. Beyond Culture Camp: Promoting Healthy Identity in Adoption. NY, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute.

Feigelman, William. 2000. “Adjustments of Transracially and Inracially Adopted Young Adults.” Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 17(3): 165–83.

Feigelman, William and Arnold R. Silverman. 1984. “The Long-Term Effects of Transracial Adoption.” Social Service Review 58(4):588-602.

Feigelman, William, and Arnold R. Silverman. 1983. Chosen Children: New Patterns of Adoptive Relationships. New York: Praeger.

Fisher, Allen P. 2003. “Still ‘Not Quite as Good as Having Your Own’? Toward a Sociology of Adoption.” Annual Review of Sociology 29:335-361.

Friedlander, Myrna. 1999. “Ethnic Identity Development of Internationally Adopted Children and Adolescents: Implications for Family Therapists.” Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 25(1): 43–60.

Friedlander, Myrna, Lucy Larney, Marianne Skau, Marcus Hotaling, Marshia Cutting, and Michelle Schwam. 2000. “Bicultural Identification: Experiences of Internationally Adopted Children and Their Parents.” Journal of Counseling Psychology 47(2): 187–98.

Grotevant, Harold D., Nora Dunbar, Julie K. Kohler, and Amy M. Lash Esau. 2000. “Adoptive Identity: How Contexts within and beyond the Family Shape Developmental Pathways.” Family Relations 49(4):379-387.

Hamilton, Laura, Simon Cheng, and Brian Powell. 2007. “Adoptive Parents, Adaptive Parents: Evaluating the Importance of Biological Ties for Parental Investment.” American Sociological Review 72(1):95-116.

Hollingsworth, Leslie D. 1997. “Effect of Transracial/Transethnic Adoption on Children’s Racial and Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem: A Meta-Analytic Review.” Marriage and Family Review 25(1-2):99-130.

Howe, Ruth-Arlene. 1995. “Redefining the Transracial Adoption Controversy.” Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy 2(2): 131–64.

Howell, Signe. 2003. “Kinning: The Creation of Life Trajectories in Transnational Adoptive Families.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 9(3):465-484.

Huh, Nam Soon, and William Reid. 2000. “Intercountry, Transracial Adoption and Ethnic Identity: A Korean Example.” International Social Work 43(1): 75–87.

Jackson, Kim and Heewon Lee. 2010. Here: A Visual History of Adopted Koreans in Minnesota. St. Paul, MN: Yeong & Yeong Book Company.

Jerng, Mark C. 2006. “Recognizing the Transnational Adoptee: Adoption Life Stories and Chang-rae Lee’s ‘A Gesture Life.’” The Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States (MELUS) 31(2):41-67.

Johnston, Kristen E., Janet K. Swim, Brian M. Saltsman, Kirby Deater-Deckard, and Stephen A. Petrill. 2007. “Mothers’ Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Socialization of Transracially Adopted Asian Children.” Family Relations 56(4):390-402.

Juffer, Femmie, Jesús Palacios, Lucy Le Mare, Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke, Wendy Tieman, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Panayiota Vorria, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, and Frank C. Verhulst. 2011. “Development of Adopted Children with Histories of Early Adversity.”Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 76(4):31-61.

Kallgren, Carl, and Pamela Caudill. 1993. “Current Transracial Adoption Practices: Racial Dissonance or Racial Awareness?” Psychological Reports 72(2): 551–58.

Karis, Terri A. 2004. “‘I Prefer to Speak of Culture’: White Mothers of Multiracial Children.” Pp. 161-176 in The Politics of Multiracialism: Challenging Racial Thinking, edited by H. M. Dalmage. Albany, NY: State University of New York.

Kennedy, Randall. 2003. Interracial Intimacies: Sex, Marriage, Identity, and Adoption. NY, NY: Pantheon.

Kim, Eleana J. 2010. Adopted Territory: Transnational Korean Adoptees and the Politics of Belonging. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Kim, Eleana. 2008. “The Origins of Korean Adoption: Cold War Geopolitics and Intimate Diplomacy.” US-Korea Institute at SAIS Working Paper Series.

Kim, Eleana. 2007. “Our Adoptee, Our Alien: Transnational Adoptees as Specters of Foreignness and Family in South Korea.” Anthropological Quarterly 80(2):497-531.

Kim, Nadia. 2009. “Finding Our Way Home: Korean Americans, Homelands Trips, and Cultural Foreignness.” Pp. 305-24 in Takeyuki Tsuda, ed., Diasporic Homecomings: Ethnic Return Migrants in Comparative Perspective. Stanford University Press.

Kim, Wun Jung. 1995. “International Adoption: A Case Review of Korean Children.” Child Psychiatry and Human Development 43(3): 141–54.

Koh, Frances. 1993. Adopted from Asia: How It Feels to Grow Up in America. Minneapolis: EastWest Press. 

Lee, David, and Stephen Quintana. 2005. “Benefits of Cultural Exposure and Development of Korean Perspective-Taking Ability for Transracially Adopted Korean Children.” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 11(2): 130–43. 

Lee, Richard M. 2003. “The Transracial Adoption Paradox: History, Research, and Counseling Implications of Cultural Socialization.” Counseling Psychology 31(6):711-744.

Lee, Richard, Harold Grotevant, Wendy Hellerstedt, Megan Gunner, and the Minnesota International Adoption Project Team. 2006. “Cultural Socialization in Families with Internationally Adopted Children.” Journal of Family Psychology 20(4): 571–80.

Louie, Andrea. 2009. “ ‘Pandas, Lions, and Dragons, Oh My!’ How White Adoptive Parents Construct Chineseness.” Journal of Asian American Studies 12(3): 285–320.

Meier, Dani I. 1999. “Cultural Identity and Place in Adult Korean-American Intercountry Adoptees.” Adoption Quarterly 3(1):15-48.

Min, Pyong Gap and Thomas Chung. 2014. Younger-Generation Korean Experiences in the United States: Personal Narratives on Ethnic and Racial Identities. Washington, DC: Lexington Books

Nelson, Kim Park. 2009. “Mapping Multiple Histories of Korean American Transnational Adoption.” Working Paper 09-01, US Korean Institute at SAIS, Washington, DC.

Pertman, Adam. 2001. Adoption Nation: How the Adoption Revolution is Transforming America. NY, NY: Basic Books.

Quiroz, Pamela Anne. 2007. Adoption in a Color-Blind Society: Perspectives on a Multiracial America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Rothman, Barbara Katz. 2004. “Transracial Adoption: Refocusing Upstream.” Pp. 193-201 in The Politics of Multiracialism: Challenging Racial Thinking, edited by H. M. Dalmage. Albany, NY: State University of New York.

Sacerdote, Bruce. 2007. “How Large are the Effects from Changes in Family Environment? A Study of Korean American Adoptees.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 122(1):119-157

Selman, Peter. 2006. “Trends in Intercountry Adoption: Analysis of Data from 20 Receiving Countries, 1998-2004.” Journal of Population Research 23(2):183-204.

Shiao, Jiannbin Lee and Mia H. Tuan. 2008. “Korean Adoptees and the Social Context of Ethnic Exploration.” American Journal of Sociology 113(4):1023-1066.

Shiao, Jiannbin Lee, Mia Tuan, and Elizabeth Rienzi. 2004. “Shifting the Spotlight: Exploring Race and Culture in Korean-White Adoptive Families.” Race and Society 7(1): 1–16.

Silverman, Arnold R. 1993. “Outcomes of Transracial Adoption.” The Future of Children 3(1):104-118.

Smith, Darron T., Brenda G. Juarez, and Cardell K. Jacobson. 2011. “White on Black: Can White Parents Teach Black Adoptive Children How to Understand and Cope with Racism?” Journal of Black Studies 42(8):1195-1230.

Smolin, David. 2004. “Intercountry Adoption as Child Trafficking.” Valparaiso Law Review 39(2): 281–325.

Song, Sueyoung, and Richard Lee. 2009. “The Past and Present Cultural Experiences of Adopted Korean American Adults.” Adoption Quarterly 12(1): 19–36.

Thomas, Kristy, and Richard Tessler. 2007. “Bicultural Socialization Among Adoptive Families: Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way.” Journal of Family Issues 28(9):1189–1219.

Treitler, Vilna Bashi. 2014. Race in Transnational and Transracial Adoption. NY, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tuan, Mia and Jiannbin Lee Shiao. 2012. Choosing Ethnicity, Negotiating Race: Korean Adoptees in America. NY, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Valk, Margaret. 1957. Korean-American Children in American Adoptive Homes. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Weil, Richard H. 1984. “International Adoptions: The Quiet Migration.” International Migration Review 18(2):276-293.

Westhues, Anne, and Joyce C. Cohen. 1998. “Ethnic and Racial Identity of Inter- nationally Adopted Adolescents and Young Adults: Some Issues in Relation to Children’s Rights.” Adoption Quarterly 1(4): 33–55.

Williams-León, Teresa and Cynthia L. Nakashima. 2001. The Sum of Our Parts: Mixed-Heritage Asian Americans. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Yoon, Dong Pil. 2004. “Intercountry Adoption: The Importance of Ethnic Socialization and Subjective Well-being for Korean-Born Adopted Children.” Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work 13(2): 71–89.





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